New York City Economic and Fiscal Monitoring

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New York City Economic and Fiscal Monitoring

The Office of the State Deputy Comptroller for the City of New York monitors New York City's fiscal condition, assists the New York State Financial Control Board, and regularly reports on the City's financial plans, major budgetary and policy issues; economic and economic development trends, and budgetary and policy issues affecting public authorities in the region, including the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. For questions, contact us at [email protected].

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Agency Services Monitoring Tool


The Office of the New York State Comptroller developed a tool that displays performance indicators, staffing levels and spending commitments assigned to a City service since January 2020. While there are many factors that affect service demand and provision, the tool can provide some insight on existing operational or budgetary phenomena or the emergence of potential risks to the City’s budget and the provision of certain services.

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A Review of Capital Needs at the Metropolitan Transportation Authority

Calls on MTA to Explain Priorities and What Is Planned in Next Capital Program

In October 2023, the MTA issued its latest 20 Year Needs Assessment (TYNA), which provides an unrestrained view of the capital needs of the system. This report from the Comptroller’s office examines the TYNA, reviews the depth of work needed to upgrade New York’s regional transit and highlights the urgent need for the MTA to state its priorities and funding plans as early as it can.

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The Cost of Living in New York City: Housing


New York City housing costs have grown more than 68% over the last decade, the largest increase of selected major metropolitan areas in the U.S. Housing affordability, which considers the incomes of households, has also worsened in New York City over the last decade, as median rent prices, in particular, grew faster than median incomes. Many New Yorkers may continue to be priced out of their preferred neighborhoods without a substantial increase in the supply of affordable housing units for low- and moderate-income households.

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Review of the Financial Plan of the City of New York, December 2023

NYC Fiscal Year 2024 Budget Balanced, but Out Year Gaps Continue to Grow

New York City faces spending risks that could increase its budget gaps for Fiscal Years 2025 through 2027 to an average of $12.6 billion annually, fueled by spending choices made during the pandemic, underbudgeting for recurring spending, and significant costs associated with the influx of asylum seekers into the five boroughs. While many of the fiscal challenges facing the City are not in its direct control, preparation and transparency remain paramount to navigating this uncertainty.

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NYC's Shifting Population: The Latest Statistics

City Is Getting Older, Wealthier as Cost of Living Rises

Population shifts during and after the COVID-19 pandemic are changing the face of New York City. In the wake of the pandemic, the City’s populace is overall older and wealthier, with a rebounding population of international migrants and declining shares of White and Black New Yorkers. The cost of living also rose as the pandemic subsided, making the City increasingly more expensive for lower income New Yorkers, who left in greater numbers in 2022. 

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Aerial of South Bronx

The South Bronx: An Economic Snapshot

The South Bronx Sees Economic Growth Despite Pandemic Challenges

The South Bronx has undergone a period of revitalization that has enabled it to thrive as a cultural hotspot within the Bronx and New York City. South Bronx residents continue to face chronic health, economic and environmental challenges, and the City is seeking to address these issues while boosting economic growth. Continued focus on community benefits and active partnership among City departments, community-based organizations, and State and federal leaders, is critical for the long-term success of the South Bronx.

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MTA’s Paratransit Program: An Overview

Shift in MTA's Paratransit Program Generates Cost Savings

Costs for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s (MTA) program to provide transportation services for people with disabilities have declined in recent years, in part due to the MTA’s move to alternative transit services that provided $102.7 million in savings in 2022. Still, some measures of customer satisfaction initially deteriorated as a result of the move to “broker services” and must be monitored to ensure quality service.

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Issues Facing New York City's Agencies

updated reports on three major city-supported agencies

New York City is financially accountable for numerous entities that are legally separate but can impact its budget. State Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli released updated reports on three major city-supported agencies — the New York City Department of Education , the New York City Housing Authority and New York City Health + Hospitals — highlighting the major financial and other issues they are confronting.

New York City Department of Education

New York City Health + Hospitals

New York City Housing Authority

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New York City Industry Sector Dashboards


The COVID-19 pandemic hit New York City particularly hard, causing massive job losses at major employers such as restaurants, hotels and retail stores. These dashboards follow a series of reports released over the past two years tracking economic data and the effect of the pandemic on these critical sectors and will help identify areas of weakness as well as positive developments.

Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Sector

Construction Sector

Office Sector

Restaurant Sector

Retail Sector

Securities Sector

Tourism Sector

Transportation and Warehousing Sector

Charts showing the drop in funding for New York City's agencies

Identifying Fiscal Cliffs in New York City’s Financial Plan


New York City’s published financial plan includes funding for some recurring spending initiatives for only a limited period, creating additional risks to already identified budget gaps. The Office of the State Comptroller has created a tool to identify sources and uses of funds for City programs that are not fully funded during the remaining years of the City’s financial plan.

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Subway Ridership Dashboard

impact of the covid-19 pandemic on subway ridership

Comptroller DiNapoli has launched an interactive online tool of subway ridership that details where straphangers are, and are not, returning to the subway system, alongside neighborhood and local demographics, employment and income. While many New Yorkers and businesses turned to telecommuting to protect themselves from the virus, others have not had that luxury. As a result, ridership as a percentage of pre-COVID levels has remained much higher in lower-income neighborhoods than in wealthy ones.

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